Tag: Kukri

How the Kukri Knife is Made?

How the Kukri Knife is Made?

Kukri has been a traditional cold weapon of the Nepalese Gurkha tribe since the 19th century. This knife has a unique shape of blade – it is bent from top to the bottom, unlike a saber or a yataghan. It is considered that such form of a blade increase the force of strike by several times. On the other hand, the center of gravity of the knife is placed closer to a handle which is two-three times shorter than its edge. Kukri knives have been extremely popular within the Nepalese people and later gained popularity in other countries due to their multifunctional design and convenience.

Kukri Knife Production – Preparing the Steel

Before making a kukri knife one needs to choose a proper material for a blade. Carbonaceous steel is carefully selected, then weighed. Completed Kukri knife usually weighs from 500 to 1200 grams, but the weight of steel for its production always has to be more as in processing it loses weight due to compression.

After that, the necessary length of a blade with an allowance for steel compression is measured and cut off from the bigger piece. Then steel is heated, and after it becomes red-hot, it is forged off by the three-kilogram hammer with use of the sharp cutting torch on metal. Forging is usually conducted by two people within half an hour, this is enough to produce the steel knife or a proper quality.

Shaping the Blade

After that the steel is forged by two hammers synchronously. At this stage the steel is heated to the red-hot condition, and a bend is shaped. It is made by the 1,5 kg hammer – the blade is bended to the final condition.

After the blade has been shaped, the blood groove is made. The special groove which nestles on the edge of the blade is also forged by the hammer. The edge heats up again, and when soft, and the bar is being cut off leaving the necessary dredging.

Further, depending on a type of the knife, the pattern over the blood groove is created by a kilogram hammer.

Furnishing the Knife

The following stage is zonal hardening: the specified part of Kukri knife is being poured with cold water to provide additional durability to the blade. After that, the edge is sharpened and the wooden handle is fayed on a shaft with glue.

There is a traditional sharpening method for a Kukri knife: you should make a mixture of seven parts of river white sand,  1 part of glue and 1 part of usual sand. It is mixed and left for solidification. After that the hardened compound is applied on a round iron frame, set on a wheel, which then sharpens the edge of the knife. Due to special composition of steel used for production of kukri knives, this sandy mixture is the best for sharpening without damaging the steel. As the last step, the knife is polished with a leather strip (normally it is skin of a buffalo).

Kukri Knife for Tourism

Kukri Knife for Tourism

In those times when men were men and any problem could easily be solved in a duel, no guy could afford to roam without a proper knife. But everything has changed since then – and now, instead of causing the offender on the battlefield, you are trying to somehow resolve the situation with words. Nevertheless, the presence of an acute argument on your side will not be superfluous. Guided by this simple thought, we decided to tell you about knives for survival. Kukri knife are perfect for this objective: just imagine that you may found yourself in a difficult situation, for example lost in forest.

For those travelers who consider a machete a bit too big and simple a knife is not enough, there is a knuckle knife or Kukri knife. In fact, it’s not even a knife, but a kind of functional mixture between a tomahawk, a knife and a machete. Carbon steel blades are easy to sharpen to shaving sharpness.

Why it Helps to Survive

Kukri (khukuri, khukri) is the national weapon of the Gurkha tribe in Nepal. This is one of the oldest types of knives, which has not changed much over time. Traditionally, the blade is made of steel, it has a crescent shape with a sharpening on the concave side. The handle is made of wood or bone. Kukri is designed so that the blow was as strong as possible.

The center of gravity of the kukri is shifted to the point. Kukri was used by soldiers as a cutting weapon, it was easy enough for this purpose. At present, the Nepalese police is armed with kukri, and depending on the model, it is used for economic or ritual purposes. Kukri knives help a lot to travelers and in case of survival need. There are many kukri models that differ in weight, size and shape of the blade.

How to Choose

Making a Kukri knife takes a lot of time and effort. These blades, like thousands of years ago, are made by hand, made of carbon steel. The process of their production includes several stages.

First, you need to choose the right metal for making a knife. Modern Nepalese masters use for this purpose spring plates from decommissioned trucks or buses. Then the workpiece is forged manually, while the metal is freed from various harmful impurities. Forging is a continuous process, and it lasts until the steel is completely ready. After that, the future knife is given such a characteristic as “pterygoid” shape – its bending is forged. The hardening of the blade is also made by old method: by repeatedly heating (until the metal turned red) and cooling in water.

In Nepal, a large number of kukri models are made, differing in size, weight, and geometry of the blade. Like any national knife, it has no strict standards.